Risto's British site


British Castles, Stately Homes and Houses

The map with links and the alphabetical list of those of the British Castles, Stately Homes and Houses that I have visited since 1967. All the photos attached are self-taken while visiting the places. You will see the photos by clicking photo after each name. The latest additions are:
Astley Hall, Attingham Park, Down House, Elgar Museum, Lower Brockhampton

See also the Scottish version of this site.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

  1. Abbotsford House photo,
    Borders, Scotland, home of Sir Walter Scott, full of memorabilia relating to the famous writer
  2. Aberconwy House photo,
    Conwy, Gwynedd, was built by a prosperous merchant in the 14th century; the oldest remaining domestic medieval structure in town; furnishings reflect changes in styles and use since the seventeenth century.
  3. Alloa Tower photo
    Clackmannanshire, Scotland, is one of the largest tower houses in Scotland and dates from the 14th century. The Erskine family has owned it since around 1360 and the property is now being managed by the National Trust of Scotland in partnership with Clackmannanshire Council. The House still retains original medieval features such as the dungeon, first-floor well and magnificent oak roof timbers. Fully restored and furnished to a high standard, the Tower contains a unique collection of family portraits and silver on loan from the present Earl of Mar and Kellie. The eight-year restoration programme that recently received a Civic Trust award.
  4. Alnwick Castle photo,
    Northumberland, home of The Duke of Northumberland for 700 years, has a fine collection of paintings and books
  5. Appleby Castle photo,
    Appleby-in-Westmorland, Cumbria, started as a Roman castle and the building on that site started again in the 12th century, the Keep was built in 1170 in the ownership of King Henry I. The Castle site was granted to Robert de Vipont in 1203, and the Castle passed to the Clifford family in 16th century for 400 years. Lady Anne Clifford, one of the greatest names in the history of Westmoreland, undertook in the 17th century extensive rebuilding photo of the Castle.
  6. Apsley House photo ,
    "Number One, London", The Wellington Museum, at London's Hyde Park Corner, designed by Robert Adam and built 1771-78, sold in 1817 to the first Duke of Wellington; a wonderful collection of paintings ( Velįsquez, Goya, Murillo, Jan Brueghel, Rubens, Steen), porcelain, silver and gold, batons and swords.
  7. Arley Hall, photo,
    Cheshire, is a most interesting stately home standing on the same site as the first house built by the family in 1469. The home of Lord Ashbrook, the great great grandson of Rowland Egerton-Warburton, who built the present Hall between 1832 and 1842 as a classic example of the Victorian Jacobean style. The Emperor's Room is named after Prince Louis Napoleon, later Napoleon III, who slept here when he spent the winter of 1847-8 shooting on the estate. The room now houses part of the remarkable collection of water-colours done by Rowland's son, Piers Egerton-Warburton. The three centuries old gardens are amongst the finest in Britain.
  8. Armadale Castle photo,
    Isle of Skye, is a ruin of a mansion house, not really a castle. The Macdonalds arrived on Skye in 15th century from the Southern Hebrides and stayed at Armadale from the 1650s. Flora MacDonald of Bonnie Prince Charlie fame was married here in 1750. The building of the mansion house was finished by in 1815, but much of it was destroyed by fire in 1855. Armadale houses the Clan Donald centre and 'The Museum of the Isles' in some of the outbuildings with the exhition of the history of the Scottish Higlands. The Gardens have 40 acres of exotic trees, shrubs and flowers in its gardens dating from the 17th century.
  9. Arniston House photo,
    Gorebridge, Lothian, Scotland, a Georgian Mansion and the home of the Dundas family, who bought the land in 1571. The present owner is Althea Dundas-Bekker and the present house was begun in 1726 and completed in the 1750's on the site of a previous tower house. The architect was William Adam but the building was completed by his son John, brother of the more famous Robert. Arniston contains portraits of the generations of the family from the 16th century up to the present day, by artists including Henry Raeburn and Allan Ramsay.
  10. Arundel Castle photo,
    Sussex, an impeccable traditional castle ; armouries, surrounding walls
  11. Astley Hall photo,
    Lancashire, was started in 1580's and large parts of it were rebuilt in 1600's. The first owners were the Charnock family, and since then the ownership changed through four families until 1922, when Reginald Tatton donated the Hall to the War Memorial Committee of Chorley, now the Chorley Borough Council. The Great Hall with its plaster ceilings has always been the impressive focal point of Astley Hall. Astley and its Art Gallery is often referred to as the 'Jewel in Chorley's crown' and features among the Simon Jenkins book 'Britain's Best 1,000 Houses'. A visit to Astley Hall is like a voyage into the past, to the time of Tudor and early Stuart England (1580-1650).
  12. Athelhampton House photo,
    Dorset, one of the finest 15th century manor houses called by Thomas Hardy as "Athelhall" . An unusually fine garden including 12 giant yew pyramids and a river flowing through

  13. Attingham Park photo,
    Shropshire, a great mansion house built by Lord Berwick in 1785. Its fine Italian furniture, paintings and silver collection were brought to house in 19th Century, when the 3rd Lord Berwick was a diplomat in Italy for 25 years. One of the great attractions of the house is the plasterwork ceilings of highly decorative designs. The house is surrounded by a beautiful 500 acres parkland. The estate was handed to the National Trust in 1947 after the death of 8th Lord Berwick.
  14. Audley End photo,
    Essex, a Jacobean mansion with magnificent state rooms; 'Capability' Brown park;

  15. Balgonie Castle photo,
    Fife, Scotland, was built in 14th century; the chapel was also built that time. Still lived in by the family of the Laird.

  16. Balloch Castle photo,
    West Dumbartonshire, Scotland, was first was built in 1238 by the Earl of Lennox and remained the family seat until approximately 1390. Nothing much is left of the moat and the mound where the original castle once stood remain. The present castle was built by John Buchanan in 1808 using the stone from the old castle. Built in the "castle-gothic" style, this listed building was designed firstly as a status symbol and residency and turrets and 'slitted' windows are purely decorative. The castle now houses a visitor centre, which has displays about local history and wildlife. The park is particularly attractive in the spring when the large numbers of rhododendrons and azaleas are in bloom.
  17. Balmoral Castle photo,
    Grampian, Scotland, beautifully situated by the River Dee was purchased in 1852 by Prince Albert to be the holiday home of the Royal Family and the present castle was built 1853-55. The exhibition of paintings and works of art in the ballroom is open to the public as well as the grounds and gardens.
  18. Balvaird Castle photo,
    Fife, Scotland, the ruins of a 15th century tower with the 1581 addition of a walled courtyard and gatehouse.

  19. Bamburgh Castle photo,
    Northumberland, home of Lady Armstrong, dominates the North Sea coast; museum with many exhibits
  20. The Banqueting House photo,
    London, was built in 1622, designed by Inigo Jones, as a part of the Palace of Whitehall. The Palace itself was destroyed by fire in 1698, but the Banqueting House was saved. The House has 9 magnificent ceiling paintings by Rubens
  21. Barcaldine Castle photo,
    Benderloch, Argyll, Scotland, the 16th Century home of the Campbells of Barcaldine was built by Sir Duncan Campbell (Black Duncan) between 1591 and 1601. The castle saw some very unsettled times and was ruined by the mid 19th Century. In 1896 Sir Duncan Campbell 10th of Barcaldine repurchased the ruined Castle and spent 15 years restoring it for future heirs to enjoy. The present owner Roderick Campbell is now living in the castle with his family offering Argyll’s only ancient castle B&B accommodation (graded 4 stars by the Scottish Tourist Board).
  22. Bateman's photo,
    East Sussex, which was built in 1634, became the home of Rudyard Kipling and his American wife Caroline (Carrie) in 1902 and remained their home until his death in 1936. The rooms are still just like they used to be during Kipling's time, and the house feels very much like a home, a very pleasant place to visit. Beautiful garden and a water mill, Kipling's Rolls Royce in the garage.
  23. Beaulieu Abbey photo,
    Hampshire, the home of Lord Montagu's family since 1538, Gardens and the National Motor Museum with over 250 vehicles

  24. Beaumaris photo,
    Gwynedd, a castle of King Edward I, on Isle of Anglesey; a perfect example of a concentrically planned castle

  25. Beeston Castle photo,
    Cheshire, was built, inspired by the great castles of the Holy Land, in 13th century by Earl Ranulf of Chester, on a craggy cliff in the middle of Cheshire plain with magnificent open views to all directions; the deep well is over 100 metres Deep well below ground

  26. Belton House photo,
    Lincolnshire, was the home of the Brownlow Cust family since it was built in 1685-88. In 1984 the house was given to the National Trust, but the principal family collections like silver, paintings, the complete library and the outstanding items of furniture remain in Belton. There are paintings by Titian, Reynolds, Romney, Lord Leighton, Boucher.

  27. Belvoir Castle photo,
    Leicestershire, was originally built the first time here in the 11th century, destroyed by two Civil Wars and a great fire in 1816, but has always been totally rebuilt. The Castle is at present own by the Duke of Rutland, and the Castle has belonged to his ancestors since the time of the Normans. The Castle has magnificent collections of ancient arms, fine furniture, outstanding paitings ("Henry VIII" by Holbein, Gainsborough, Poussin, Steen, Murillo) and a unique huge silver wine-cooler which weighs 1,979 ounces (56.1kg) and was made for the family in 1682. The Queen's Royal Lancers Regimental Museum is in the Castle.

  28. Beningbrough Hall photo,
    Yorkshire, a baroque palace built in 1556, paintings from National Portrait Gallery

  29. Berkeley Castle photo ,
    Gloucestershire, after 850 years still remains the home of the Berkeley family who gave name to various places from Berkeley Square in London to Berkeley University in California; a Norman fortress with massive high walls contains treasures like paintings by English and Dutch masters, tapestries, furniture, silver and porcelain. This historic castle was the scene of the murder of King Edward II in 1327, and was in 1645 besieged by Cromwell's troops. The castle is surrounded by lovely Elizabethan Gardens.

  30. Berrington Hall photo,
    Herefordshire, was designed by Henry Holland, whose father-in-law 'Capability' Brown planned the beautiful park around the house. It was built 1778-81 for the owner Thomas Harley, who made a fortune supplying pay and clothing to the British Army in America and became Lord Mayor of London in 1767 at the age of 37. The house has a neo-classical exterior with a central portico and a wide flight of steps rising to the entrance. The rooms contain a collection of French furniture.

  31. Bickleigh Castle photo,
    Devon, was built in 14th century on the site of the ruined 11th C. castle while the Chapel was built in 6th C. In 15th Century the Courtney family extended the castle, and later the Carew family lived there for two centuries. The castle was used as a Royalist stronghold during the English Civil War, but later the buildings fell in disrepair. The castle was beautifully restored in the early 20th Century and is now used as venue for weddings, corporate events and functions.

  32. The Bishop's Palace photo,
    Somerset, next to Wells Cathedral, surrounded by the moat with water from the three springs, wells; bell-ringing swans
  33. Bishop's Waltham Palace ,
    Hampshire, remains of the moated medieval house of the Bishops of Winchester, destroyed during the Civil War
  34. Blackness Castle photo,
    Fife, Scotland, a 14th century stronghold on a promontory in the Firth of Forth; film location for Hamlet
  35. Blair Castle photo,
    Perthshire, Scotland, the ancient home of the Earls and Dukes of Atholl since 1269; famous for the only remaining private army in Europe - the Atholl Highlanders. Taking of photographs is allowed inside this castle, which is a welcome change to the normal rules!
  36. Blenheim Palace photo,
    Oxfordshire, home of Duke of Marlborough, birthplace of Sir Winston Churchill, the magnificent palace and the unique park of 'Capability' Brown
  37. Blickling Hall photo,
    Norfolk; a 17th century red brick house with extensive garden; fine Jacobean ceilings, furniture and collections
  38. Bodelwyddan Castle, photo,
    North Wales, was built on the site of an old farmhouse between 1830 and 1852 by Sir John Hay Williams. During the First World War the house was used as a recuperation hospital. In 1920 the house and estate were finally sold by the Williams family to Lowther College, a girls private school. The College was based at the Castle until 1982 when it finally closed due to financial problems. In the 1980s the Castle was purchased by the then Clwyd County Council and developed as a museum, gallery and visitor attraction. Bodelwyddan is now the Welsh home of the National Portrait Gallery, displaying works from its 19th century collection. To house these collections, the interior was sympathetically restored to its Victorian splendour by architect Roderick Gradidge. Part of the castle has now been turned into luxury hotel accommodation.
  39. Bodiam Castle photo,
    Sussex, a former military stronghold, uninhabited since the Civil War; location for many movies
  40. Bolsover Castle photo,
    Derbyshire; in early 17th century Charles Cavendish had a country house built on the site of a Norman castle, and he wanted the house look like a castle, even though it was never meant to be used for any military purposes. The house was occupied during the Civil War in 1645 by the Parlamentary army who wanted to demolish the whole building and did much damage. After the war the Cavendish family wanted to repair the house, but due to the lack of funds the house was eventually abandoned and being plundered for building materials and furniture. After the WW2 the site was handed over to the Ministry of Works, and heavy engineering works were started to save the house, which was extensively restored by the 1990s.
  41. Bowes Museum photo,
    Durham, has a look of an imposing and opulent French chateau , important collection of European art and antiques
  42. Bowhill House photo,
    Selkirk, Borders, Scotland; the estate was granted to the Douglas family in 1322 and reverted to the Crown in 1450 as a favourite hunting ground; in 1550 the Scott family became the owners and after a marriage in 1720 between the Scotts and the Douglases the land was restored to the Douglas-Scott family. The present owner is John, 9th Duke of Buccleuch; the present house was built in 1812 with additions in 19th century; an excellent collection of paintings by Gainsborough, Reynolds, Canaletto, Guardi, Van Dyck
  43. Bowood House photo ,
    Wiltshire, is the family home of the Marquess and Marchioness of Lansdowne and was built in 1750s. A part of the old building had to be demolished in 1955, and the present Georgian house by Robert Adam has a splendid library, picture and sculpture galleries, and special exhibition rooms with costumes, porcelain and various gifts from India from the time the 5th Marquess was Viceroy of India in 1888-1894.
  44. Braemar Castle photo,
    Grampian, Scotland, near the River Dee, was built in 1628 and rebuilt after the fire of 1689; purchased by the Farquharson in 1732 and still owned by the family. Largely rebuilt and garrisoned with English troops in 18th century. Spiral stone staircase leading to the principle rooms;
  45. Broadlands photo,
    Hampshire, an 18th Century mansion and parkland, once the home of the Palmerstons and the Mountbattens. One of England's most elegant stately homes, created by Lancelot 'Capability' Brown in 1767-80. For the visitor there is an exhibition and audiovisual on life of Lord Mountbatten. The house has a special place in the affections of British royalty. Both the Queen and Prince Philip and the Prince and Princess of Wales spent part of their honeymoons here.
  46. Broadway Tower photo,
    Broadway, Worcestershire, an impressive folly tower built in 1797 at top of the 2nd highest point along the Cotswold escarpment. The height of the escarpment here is 1024 feet (312m). Broadway Tower is surrounded by 35 acres (14 ha) of parkland and has a colourful history as - amongst others - home to the renowned printing press of Sir Thomas Phillips and country retreat for pre-Raphaelite artists, notably the artist, designer and writer William Morris.
  47. Brodie Castle photo,
    Grampian, Scotland, near Nairn, a typical tower house , was partially burned in 1645 and remodelled in 1730s with additions of the present entrance hall and library in the 19th centuries. Fine furniture, porcelain, paintings and unusual plaster ceilings. Famous for many varietes of daffodils in Springtime.
  48. Brontė Parsonage photo,
    Haworth, Yorkshire, the life long home of the Brontė family, where Reverend Patrick Brontė's daughters Charlotte, Emily and Anne wrote some of the greatest novels of the English language. The house is now a museum showing the house as it was during the sisters' time.
  49. Brougham Castle photo,
    Penrith, Cumbria, (pronounced ' broom '), was started in Henry II's reign on the site of a Roman fort, and renovated in 17th century by Lady Anne Clifford , who died there in 1676; later the castle was partly demolished and any usable materials were sold in 1714, but again partly restored in 1930's
  50. Broughton Castle photo ,
    Banbury, Oxfordshire, for over 600 years the home of the family Fiennes - Lord and Lady Saye and Sele; the original Manor House was built in about 1300 and the present Castle in the second part of the 16th century: location for a part of the movie 'Shakespeare In Love'.
  51. Buckingham Palace photo,
    London, the official London residence of Britain's sovereigns, was originally a town house owned by the Dukes of Buckingham. King George III bought Buckingham House in 1761 for his wife Queen Charlotte and Queen Victoria was the first sovereign to take up residence in July 1837. The Palace is furnished with fine works of art from the Royal Collection including paintings by Vermeer and Rembrandt. The State Rooms are open to the public each year in August and September, the Royal Mews is open throughout the year. The Queen's Gallery is open to the public.
  52. Burgh Castle photo,
    the Roman Gariannonum, impressive walls photo of a Roman Fort from the 3rd century, built to defend the coast against Saxon raiders
  53. Burghley House photo,
    Stamford, Lincolnshire; one of the finest Elizabethan country houses, was built by William Burghley, later known as Lord Burghley, and the Burghley family still lives in the house. The house is full of priceless treasures of art from famous paintings (Veronese, Carlo Dolci, Joos van Cleve, Gainsborough, Pieter Brueghel Younger), tapestries, sculptures to wonderful ceilings by Antonio Verrio. The majority of the pieces of art were bought by John, the 5th Earl of Exeter and his wife Lady Anne Cavendish on their 'Grand Tour' in late 17th century.
  54. Burleigh Castle photo,
    Fife, Scotland, ruins of a 15th century keep with a courtyard wall with a gate and a corner tower; once a stronghold of the Balfours of Burleigh, and visited several times by James VI;
  55. Burton Agnes Hall photo,
    Yorkshire, was started as Norman manorhouse in 1173 and has since then never changed hands by sale, but has passed from family to family when the male line has ended. It remains a 'lived-in' family home occupied by descendants of the Wickham-Boynton family. The present Elizabethian Hall contains treasures collected during four centuries - from original carvings to modern and Impressionist paintings.
  56. Burton Constable Hall photo,
    Yorkshire, was built during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I and is the ancestral home of the Constable family, who have lived here since the house was first built. Many alterations were made to the house during the 18th century and the surrounding park was landscaped by 'Capability' Brown. Nearly 30 rooms are open to view, the interiors are filled with fine furniture, paintings and sculpture, a library of 5,000 books and an unusual 'cabinet of curiosities'.
  57. Burton Court photo,
    Leominster, Herefordshire, was first mentioned as a manor house in 1331. The most notable of the Lords of the Manor of Burton were the Brewster (from mid 18th C. until 1865) and the Clowes families. In 1960 it was bought by the present owner, Lieut. Cdr. Robert Macaulay Simpson, for use as a residence and for a soft fruit growing enterprise. Burton Court has been used for private entertaining for 600 years and still is a popular venue for weddings and corporate events.

  58. Caerphilly Castle photo,
    South Wales, the largest castle in Britain after Windsor, was built in 1268-1271 by the Anglo-Norman lord, Gilbert de Clare. Surrounded by an artificial lake it was a revolutionary masterpiece of military planning. The famous 10% leaning South-East Tower (it even out-leans the tower at Pisa) which is thought to be due to subsidence, not any military action. .
  59. Caerlaverock Castle photo,
    Dumfries, Scotland, ruins of a fine example of a triangular site stronghold built by the Maxwell family, besieged by Edward I in 1300; dismantled and redundant after the 1640 siege;
  60. Caernarfon Castle photo,
    Gwynedd, a very fine Edward I castle; setting for the Prince of Wales investiture
  61. Calke Abbey photo,
    Derbyshire, a baroque mansion, built in 1703, great collection of stuffed birds; carriage display
  62. Capesthorne Hall photo,
    Macclesfield, Cheshire, home of the Bromley-Davenport family and their ancestors since Domesday times; the original Hall was designed by Smiths of Warwick between 1719-1732, altered by Blore in 1837 and finally Salvin rebuilt the centre after a disastrous fire in 1861; a fascinating collection of paintings, sculptures and furniture, extensive park and gardens; in a beautiful Georgian Chapel dating from 1719 services are still held.
  63. Carbisdale Castle photo,
    Sutherland, Scotland, was built between 1906 and 1917 for the Dowager Duchess of Sutherland, the widow of 18th Earl of Sutherland, after a long dispute with the Duke's son about the Earl's legacy. In 1933, the castle was bought by Colonel Theodore Salvesen, the wealthy Scottish businessman of Norwegian extraction. Through Colonel Salvesen's consular connections he provided King Haakon VII of Norway and Crown Prince Olav (later King Olav V) with a safe refuge at Carbisdale during the Nazi occupation of Norway during World War II, and during that time the castle was the venue of an important meeting. Salvesen's son Captain Harold Salvesen inherited the castle and in 1945 he gifted the castle to the Scottish Youth Hostels Association as Carbisdale Castle Youth Hostel.
  64. Carew Castle photo,
    South Wales; this originally a Norman castle is one of the most magnificent castles of south Wales in the flat land around the tidal Carew river. The Castle was greatly improved and extended in the beginning of 16th century to Elizabethan manor; partly destroyed during the Civil War and finally abandoned in 1686. Next to the Castle there is the Carew Tidal Mill also from the 16th century, even though the present building dates from the early 19th century.
  65. Carlisle Castle photo,
    Carlisle, Cumbria, was started by King William II in 1093, and rebuilt in stone in 1157 by Henry II; during 1173-1461 the castle was attacked nine times, and in 1568 Mary Queen of Scots was held prisoner in the castle; in 1745 the Jacobite army of "Bonnie Prince Charlie" took the castle on its way south. Great restoring work was done in the 1800's. The castle has been in the hands of the military without break for 800 years and is now also home to the museum of the Kings Own border Regiment and the border Regiment.
  66. Carreg Cennen photo,
    South Wales, on a remote crag about 100 meters above the river Cennen in the Breacon Beacons National Park, was started in 13th century as an English outpost by one of Edward I's barons. The natural cave beneath the castle rock, perhaps a prehistoric refuge, is incorporated into the defenses via a gallery passage and can still be explored with torches. During the War of the Roses (1455 - 85) it became a base for Lancastrian, who terrorized the country around. The castle was taken by the Yorkists in 1462, this "robbers den" was laboriously dismantled by 500 men with picks and crowbars. The ruins are still very impressive and the views from the hilltop are magnificent.
  67. Casterne Hall, photo,
    Ilam, Staffordshire. The site of Casterne Hall has been a dwelling since time immemorial and the present owners, the Hurts, came here in the late 1400s. It is a famously beautiful Grade II* manor house set in its own estate high above the Manifold Valley not far from Ashbourne. Casterne is hidden away from the rest of the world, and the only noise is that of the cattle and sheep, the owls at night and the occasional tractor.
  68. Castle Campbell photo,
    Dollar, Clackmannanshire, Scotland; the 1st Earl of Argyll (the 2nd Lord Campbell) built in 15th C. this mighty, isolated four-storey rectangular tower house high in the hills above Dollar, 'Gloom Castle' as it was called. In 1489 the Earl persuaded James IV to give approval for changing the castle's name, and since that time it was called Castle Campbell and remained the principal residence of the Argyll Campbells for nearly 200 years. The castle was burned in 1654 by Cromwell, later the Earl was executed, and the Campbells abandoned their castle. The castle came under the protection of the National Trust for Scotland in 1948.
  69. Castle Drogo photo,
    nr. Exeter, Devon, is the 'last castle to be built in England', and was built entirely of granite in the 1910s and 1920s for Julius Drewe, a businessman, to designs by architect Edwin Lutyens. The style of the castle is mainly from the medieval and Tudor periods with conveniences quite modern during the time it was built. The castle also has a notable garden.
  70. Castle Howard photo,
    Yorkshire, built by Sir John Vanbrugh , the location of 'Brideshead Revisited' , an impressive Great Hall and fabulous collection of art;
  71. Castle Menzies photo,
    Weem, Perthshire, Scotland, is an excellent and large example of a Z-plan fortified Tower House with flanking towers at diagonally opposite corners and has been the seat of the Chiefs of Clan Menzies for over 400 years. In spite of the present extensive restoration works the castle is kept open to the public during the summer months;
  72. Castle of Mey photo,
    Thurso, Caithness, Scotland, was built between 1566 and 1572 by the 4th Earl of Caithness. In 1952 Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother bought the place, which was in a state of neglect but was beautifully restored during the years. .In 1996, she created a charitable trust, which took ownership of the castle and the estate, with the intention of securing their future. The Castle is now open to the public during certain summer months.
  73. Castle Tioram photo,
    Moidart, Invernesshire, Scotland; the ruined castle, the ancestral home of the Macdonalds of Clanranald, is accessible only at low tide along a narrow sandy causeway. It is one of the foremost surviving examples of a 13th century castle in Scotland. The castle was destroyed in 1715 when Clan Chief Allan of Clanranald ordered it to be burnt, probably to prevent it falling into enemy hands when he left to fight for the Jacobite cause. The castle is now owned by a Scottish businessman who is hoping to conserve it through a Trust.
  74. Cawdor Castle photo,
    Highlands, Scotland, a late 14th century private fortress and a real fairy-tale castle was built around a small living holly tree by the Thanes of Cawdor and is still the home of the Cawdor family; the name of Cawdor was romantically linked by Shakespeare with Macbeth.
  75. Charlecote Park photo ,
    Warwickshire, has been the home of the Lucy family since 1247, and the present house was built in 1558. The house was vigorously renovated in 1830s, and only the two-storey gatehouse remained untouched Elizabethan being now a museum. A remarkable piece of furniture is the colossal 'Charlecote buffet', carved by J.M.Willcox with figures of the resources of nature and bought in 1858 for £1,600. The park was improved by 'Capability' Brown in the 1700s.
  76. Chartwell photo,
    Kent, since 1922 Sir Winston Churchill's home; a collection of his paintings
  77. Chatsworth photo,
    Derbyshire, the palace-like ancestral home of Duke of Devonshire; was built in late 16th century by Elizabeth Hardwick, known as "Bess of Hardwick" and her 2nd husband William Cavendish; there are outstanding painted ceilings by Verrio and Laguerre, a library of over 17,000 volumes, old master paintings by Rembrandt, Hals, Van Dyck, Tintoretto, Veronese, Sargent and Landseer, a collection of neo-classical sculpture, 'Capability' Brown's exceptionally fine garden. Chatsworth was voted the public's favourite house in 1996 and 1999.
    Kathleen Kennedy, sister of the late President Kennedy, was married to 10th Duke's elder son William, who was killed in action in WW2 1944, and Kathleen died childless in an aeroplane accident in 1948 at the age of 28.
  78. Chepstow Castle photo,
    South Wales, a Norman castle, was started in 1067 by the Norman lord William Fitzosbern on cliffs over the River Wye. During the 12th and 13th centuries the Castle was massively fortified to prepare the Castle for the Welsh wars. In the 14th Century it changed hands many times between the English and the Welsh. In the 16th century the buildings were adapted more comfortable, and came to resemble more a Great House than a Castle. After the English Civil War defences were "dismantled" and the Castle was allowed to decay and areas of it used for small industries. It was eventually passed over to the care of the State in 1953.
  79. Chiddingstone Castle photo,
    Kent, rebuilt into fantasy castle c. 1800, famous for its various collections: Buddhistic objects, Egyptian antiquities, Japanese swords, Stuart and Jacobite relics
  80. Chillingham Castle photo,
    Alnwick, Northumberland, supposedly Britain's Most Haunted Castle , was already there in 1255 when King Henry III stayed there; in 1344 Sir Thomas Grey was granted the Royal Licence to fortify the castle with stone; now the home of Sir Humphrey Wakefield who is presently restoring the castle; fine garden; interesting exhibitions
  81. Chirk Castle photo,
    Clwyd, Wales, was founded about 1295 as a stronghold for Edward I's army captain Roger Mortimer, thus becoming one of the great fortresses of Edward's reign; it is of rectangular, concentric form with walls fifteen feet thick and a massive drum tower at each corner; since 1595 the home of the Myddelton family; conveyed to the National Trust in 1981
  82. Chiswick House photo,
    London, a fine Palladian villa , built 1725; Italianate gardens with classical statues;
  83. Clandon Park, photo ,
    Surrey, a fine Palladian country house built in early 18th century, park designed by Lancelot Brown; The Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment Museum
  84. Clifford's Tower photo, York, North Yorkshire, a 13th century keep on one of the two mottes which were part of the fortifications started by William the Conqueror in 1068. Fine views over the city from the top of the tower.
  85. Clitheroe Castle photo,
    Clitheroe, Lancashire, the ruins of a Norman keep on a high limestone mound right in the centre of the town of Clitheroe; the local historical and geological museum in situated in the house next to the castle
  86. Colchester Castle Museum photo,
    Essex, a Norman castle keep with a fine museum of Roman and medieval times
  87. Conwy Castle photo,
    Gwynedd, a classical 13th century fortress , a masterpiece of medieval architecture in perfect surroundings
  88. Corfe Castle photo ,
    Dorset, impressive ruins of a castle which was built 1000 years ago, and had its best period in the 13th and 14th centuries. In 1635 the castle was bought by Sir John Bankes, and as he was the supporter of the king castle was destroyed by the parliamentary forces during the English civil war after a long siege in 1646. The Bankes later built a new house at Kingston Lacy after the Restoration. Enid Blyton in her "Famous Five" stories refer Corfe as "Kirrin Castle" - see the website of Viv Endecott!
  89. Corgarff Castle photo,
    Grampian, Scotland, was built about 1530 as a tower house and a lordly residence in one of the most wild and remote districts of Scotland to protect its owners and their valuables; it was converted into Hanoverian troops' barracks in 1748-50 and was returned to private hands in 1802 as a farmhouse having even a whisky distillery there; after WW1 the castle became derelict and was given into State care in 1961 and was restored with star-shaped outworks;
  90. Coughton Court photo ,
    Alcester, Warwickshire, has been the home of the Throckmortons since the 15th century and still is - the present Tudor house was built in the 16th century. There are lots of memorabilia of the family in the house and an exhibition of the Gunpowder Plot, which the house has a strong connection with.
  91. Crathes Castle photo,
    Grampian, is another Scottish fairy tale castle with turrets and gargoyles, built in late16th century; the seat of the family of Burnett of Leys ; fine furniture and painted ceiling; famous for its beautiful walled garden ,
  92. Criccieth Castle photo,
    Gwynedd, stands impressive on a cliff overlooking Cardigan Bay was built at the beginning of the 13th century. Originally a stronghold of the Welsh princes, Criccieth was later annexed and added to by the English monarch, Edward I. In 1404 Owain Glyndwr captured the castle, tearing down its walls and setting the castle afire, a scourging from which the castle never recovered.
  93. Crichton Castle photo,
    10 miles SE of Edinburgh, was built in 13th century by Crichton family; in the 1580s the Earl of Boswell made lots of improvements transforming the medieval castle into a remarkable Renaissance residence; Sir Walter Scott has described the castle in his "Marmion" ; became ruins in 1659 when its masonry was due to financial difficulties of the owner taken away for other building purposes;
  94. Croft Castle photo,
    Leominster, Herefordshire, is a 17th century stone quadrangular fortress, built close to the site of the old medieval castle. At each corner of the high curtain wall is a small round tower, with a small square tower flanking the north side. The Croft family have lived here since before the Norman invasion. It is thought that the Norman family de Croft came over during the time of Edward the Confessor, and by the time of Domesday, a Bernard de Croft held the land. although now run by the National Trust, members of the Croft family still live in the castle and on the estate, thus continuing the ancient family association. Croft was re-opened to the public in April 2003 after a year long facelift.
  95. Culzean Castle photo,
    Strathclyde, Scotland, a Robert Adam palace of the Kennedy family includes a memorial to General Eisenhower
  96. Dalemain photo,
    Penrith, Cumbria, home of the Hasell family for over three centuries; the house was started in 12th century as a pele-tower, the early Georgian front and the elegant rooms were completed about 1750; Yeomanry Museum with military relics and mementoes
  97. Deal Castle photo,
    Kent, one of the Cinque Ports, was built in 1539 in the shape of the Tudor rose with six petals. It was one of a chain of coastal artillery forts constructed by Henry VIII against a feared invasion by the Catholic powers of Europe. The coast of Deal was considered to be especially vulnerable being near to mainland Europe and having its long shingle beach with easy landing. The castle, surrounded by a deep moat, once had 119 guns and inside its walls it is a maze of long, dark passages, battlements and a huge basement.
  98. Denbigh Castle photo,
    Denbighshire, North Wales, was built over the stronghold of Dafydd ap Gruffudd, the Welsh leader crushed by Edward in 1282. as part of Edward I's campaigns against the Welsh. The building created not only a castle but a new English borough protected by town walls. After the restoration of King Charles II (1660-85) the castle and town walls were allowed to fall into ruin and became a ready source of house-building material. In 19th century a 'Castle Committee' was formed to keep the ruins in repair and clearance work was done.
  99. Dirleton Castle photo,
    Lothian, Scotland, ruins of a romantic castle; destroyed in 1650; fine gardens
  100. Dolwyddelan Castle photo, North Wales, was built in early 13th century as an important stronghold against the English troups, and its capture on 18 January 1283 was a turning point of the Edwardian campaign. The English maintained a military presence here until 1290. The castle was occupied again in the 15th century, when it was leased to Maredudd ap Ieuan, a local nobleman, who added an upper storey to the keep. In the middle of the 19th century it was extensively restored by the public-spirited Lord Willoughby de Eresby. Dolwyddelan, like most of the castles of the native Welsh princes, is set amidst spectacular scenery. The castle guards a mountain pass through the Vale of Conwy, and it's the beauty of the surrounding countryside that visitors first notice.
  101. Dornoch Castle photo,
    Dornoch, Sutherland, Scotland, was built in 13th C. by the Bishops of Caithness close to the cathedral as a Bishop's palace, not really a fortress, but a comfortable residence. The castle was severely damaged by fire in 1570 and was left as a ruin, until it was restored in the 19th century to make a residence for the Sheriff of Sutherland. In 1970, a southeast wing was added when the castle was bought and made into a hotel, which it is today. Dornoch is famous of its exellent golf-course.
  102. Doune Castle photo,
    Doune, Stirlingshire, Scotland, was built in the late 14th C. by Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany. The castle looks very strong and powerful. The dark stone rises to a high of 30 metres at the gate-tower and the high courtyard walls were protected by wall walks allowing defenders to drop material onto attackers from the walls. Doune was last use during the 1745 Jacobite Rising, after which it fell out of use and by the end of the 18th century it was roofless and falling into ruin. In 1883 the 14th Earl of Moray carried out a restoration, and more repairs were done in the 1970's, but it is still one of the least changed castles in Scotland. Doune is perhaps best known as the castle in the movie Monty Python and the Holy Grail.
  103. Dove Cottage photo,
    Cumbria, Lake District home of William Wordsworth
  104. Dover Castle photo,
    Kent, was built on the White Cliffs in 12th century; a view across the Channel; one of the largest castles in the country
  105. Down House photo,
    Kent, was built in the early 18th century. Charles Darwin (1809-82) bought the house in 1842 and lived there until his death with his wife Emma and ten children. Situated in the rural Kent village of Downe, the house offered all the peace and privacy that Darwin needed to work, The ground-floor rooms have been recreated to look as they did in Darwin's time. Upstairs, the first-floor rooms contain an exhibition on Darwin's life and work. On the backyard there is Darwin's old Greenhouse with benches filled with orchids and insectivorous plants.
  106. Drum Castle photo,
    Grampian, Scotland, was built started with a 13th century keep, to which was later added a Jacobean mansion house ; has belonged to the Irvine family for 653 years; fine furniture and paintings, the 16th-century chapel contains a beautiful stained glass window;
  107. Drumlanrig Castle photo,
    Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland, 17th century castle , Dumfriesshire home of Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry , renowned collection of paintings by Leonardo da Vinci , Rembrandt, Hans Holbein
  108. Duff House photo,
    Banff, Grampian, is one of the most imposing houses in Scotland; was built in 1735-39 for William Duff by William Adam with an unusual dispute about the bill; the owners of the house had in late 19th century, due to financial difficulties, to give up it and the house was changed first to an hotel and in 1913 a sanatorium; the Ministry of Works had it fully restored after WW2 and the Duff House was opened to the public as an outstation of the National Galleries of Scotland in April 1995; a remarkable collection of paintings and furniture from Scotland;
  109. Dumbarton Castle photo,
    Dumbarton , Strathclyde, stands on a volcanic rock, which has a longer recorded history as a stronghold than any other place in Britain; was the centre of the independet British kingdom of Strathclyde from the fifth century until 1018; in medieval times Dumbarton was an important royal castle; the importance declined after Cromwell's death in 1658, but continued as a garrison until WW2; most of its buildings have gone and little has survived from the old castle.
  110. Duncombe Park photo,
    Helmsley, Yorkshire, is an impressive early-18th century house and family home of Lord and Lady Feversham, has one of the finest Baroque landscapes in England. The house is surrounded by gardens and parkland which contains many magnificent old trees and a national nature reserve. Following a major fire in 1879 the house was rebuilt with care and superb workmanship, largely to the original design. The house was let in 1924 as a girls' boarding school for 60 years, after which extensive restoration of the buildings and the interiors took place. The family pictures and the collection of English and Continental furniture are on show and the principal rooms remain a fine example of the type of 'grand interior' popular at the turn of the century.
  111. Dunnottar Castle photo,
    Stonehaven, Grampian, stands on a real dream of a castle site - a hard red rock full with a variety of large pebbles and rocks like raisins in a fruitcakephoto packed there 400 million years ago; in late 14th century Sir William Keith, the Marischal of Scotland built there a tower house, which was later followed by numerous other fortifications and buildings ; in 1651 the Scottish Crown Jewels were successfully protected here against Cromwell's army; today the castle is an impressive and romantic ruin, "a must for anyone who takes Scottish history seriously"!
  112. Dunrobin Castle photo,
    Sutherland, Scotland, has been the property of the Sutherland family since 13th C. and parts of the present castle date from that time. The castle by the North Sea with 189 rooms, a fairy-tale look and a distinct air of "French Scottish" was created during the remodel in 1845-51 by Sir Charles Barry, the architect for the House of Commons in London. The castle has been used as a naval hospital during the First World War and from 1965 to 1972 as a boys' school before reverting back to being a family house, and it is now lived in by the Countess of Sutherland. Dunrobin is open to the public every day between Easter and September and is well worth a visit. Next to the garden, based on Versailles, there is a museum containing hunting trophies, taxidermy, fossils, medals, archaeological finds and an important collection of Pictish symbol stones.
  113. Dunstaffnage Castle photo,
    Oban, Argyll, built before 1275 with a high curtain-wall on the rock ; ruined by fire in 1810 , when only some of the courtyard buildings survived;
  114. Duntulm Castle photo,
    Isle of Skye, now badly ruined, stands on a rocky cliff, overlooking the sea. Duntulm was originally a Pictish fortress, was a long-time residence for the Vikings, but a stone castle was built here around 16th C. by the Macleods and later by the MacDonalds, who abandoned it around 1730. Very little is left of the original castle, which is now owned by the council. There are plans to rebuild the walls and make the whole building safer for visitors, to purchase land for on-site car parking and improving the footpath to the site.
  115. Dunvegan Castle photo,
    Isle of Skye, has been the stronghold of the Chiefs of MacLeod for nearly 800 years and it remains their home. Parts of the castle are thought to date from the ninth century, but building work has been carried out in almost every century since the 13th C. when the MacLeods moved in. The Castle consists of a massive keep, a 15th-century tower and a hall block from the 17th century. The castle was completely remodelled, with ornamental turrets and modern battlements, in the 19th century. The Castle and its Garden are open all year round and seven days a week. On display are many fine oil paintings and mementos of Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Clan MacLeod and there is an exhibition about St.Kilda Islands.
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    Updated April 16, 2015

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